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A-Z GLOSSARY OF TERMS

A complete glossary of terms used in woodworking and routing.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Face Edge
Face Edge
This is the ´master edge´ from which other measurement and markings are made. The face edge must be planed and finished absolutely square
 
Face Side
Face Side
The surface of a flat, planed piece of timber that is used for the first marks and measurements, and from which all other measurements are taken.
 
False Base
False Base
This is usually a sub-base or adjustable base fitted to a router or jig to support it or guide it.
 
False Fence
False Fence
An additional thin fence made from hardwood or plastic, which is Fixed to the metal face of the fence on a router table either to prevent splintering-out (break-out) or to give more support when machining long lengths of board.
 
Feather Edge
Feather Edge
The end of a section of wood cut to a wedge, or tapered point.
 
Featherboard
Featherboard
A special holding device designed to push the work up against the fence on a router table.
 
 
Feed Direction
Feed Direction
The direction in which the router is moved in relation to the grain of the workpiece. On a router table, the direction in which the workpiece is advanced in relation to the rotation of the bit. (This should always be opposite).
 
Feed Rate
Feed Rate
The speed at which the router is advanced by the operator. When the router is Fixed, it is the speed at which the timber is fed.
 
Fielded Panel
Fielded Panel
A decorative panel used in a framework or door. It consists of a panel with a wide chamfered rebate worked around the edges. Often a small moulding is worked at the inner side of the rebate. The cross grain should be worked first.
 
Fillet
Fillet
A small strip of wood used to support shelves, but also loosely applied to a narrow strip of timber fastened to the surface of the workpiece to act as a fence when the router is working beyond the capacity of its own fence.
 
Fine Adjuster
Fine Adjuster
Most Plunge routers have a feed in device for the fine feeding of the router head or side fence.
 
Fine Height Adjuster
Fine Height Adjuster
A screw mechanism allowing you to make precise adjustments to the cutter height.
 
 
Finger Joint
Finger Joint
A joint made up of a series of equally spaced projections on edges of both pieces of material that interconnect.
 
Fixed Head Routing
Fixed Head Routing
The router is mounted in a Fixed position, either above or below the worktable.
 
Fixed-base Router
Fixed-base Router
A router that remains in one Fixed vertical position throughout the operation. A Plunge router fully compressed and locked serves the same purpose.
 
Flute
Flute
A straight or spiral groove behind the cutting edge of a router cutter that permits the chips to be expelled from the cut. Good fluting is necessary to clear the chips efficiently.
 
Forstner Bit
Forstner Bit
A special bit which is guided by its circular rim rather than its centre point. The advantage of this tool is that it bores a neat, cleanly-cut hole with a flat bottom, its centre point serves only to ensure accuracy for the starting cut. Not for use with abrasive materials unless TCT grade is used.
 
Frame Jig
Frame Jig
A device for guiding a router along or within a frame of narrow battens. Usually adjustable to accept different size workpieces.
 
 
Framing
Framing
An assembly of pieces serving as an enclosure or a support for a decorative skin.
 
 
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