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A-Z GLOSSARY OF TERMS

A complete glossary of terms used in woodworking and routing.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Panel
Panel
A board set in a frame, it can either be below, or above, or flush with, the face of the frame itself. Normally seen in panelled doors and furniture.
 
Panel door
Panel door
A door made up from a jointed frame and a seperate panel usually trapped within a groove within the frame.
 
Pass
Pass
In routing, it means one run of the router through the work. Several shallow passes of the router give a better finish than one deep one.
 
Pattern
Pattern
A shaped form used as a guide for repetitive cutting or marking out.
 
Peninsular Tops
Peninsular Tops
Kitchen worktops that are accessible from three sides like a breakfast bar.
 
Peripheral Speed
Peripheral Speed
The speed of rotation at the extremity of the cutter tip. The distance a given point on the perimeter of a rotating circular object travels, expressed in feet or metres per second.
 
 
Pierce and Trim
Pierce and Trim
A single cutter designed to cut through a laminate overlay and then trim it back to the underlying shape.
 
Pitch
Pitch
The ratio of rise to going in a roof or stairs which forms the pitch line.
 
Plastazote (and Esterzote)
Plastazote (and Esterzote)
Dense foam compounds often used for packaging and in instrument cases. Good characteristics for machining with a router with sharp high speed steel tools providing the best quality of finish.
 
Plunge
Plunge
The Plunge action of lowering the router cutter into the work. The feature of most modern routers is spring loaded columns for safe vertical movement with the power on.
 
Plunge Lock
Plunge Lock
The mechanism for quickly securing the plunge router down at a set depth.
 
PPE
PPE
PPE is Personal Protective Equipment and includes safety goggles, ear defenders and respiratory protection, as well as other equipment such as protective clothing and foot wear
 
 
PTFE
PTFE
Polytetrafluoroethylene. A dry lubricant, usually a spray, ideal for use on router bit shanks and collets.
 
PVA
PVA
Polyvinyl acetate glue. The most popular modern adhesive for woodworking. It dries under pressure in about two hours at 60 fahrenheit. Not a good gap filler. Relies on good surface-to-surface contact to produce a good joints.
 
PVC
PVC
Poly vinyl chloride, a type of plastic material.
 
 
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