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A-Z GLOSSARY OF TERMS

A complete glossary of terms used in woodworking and routing.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Sacrificial Support Strip
Sacrificial Support Strip
A waste batten clamped onto the work that is cut into to prevent break-out at the end of a cut.
 
Sacrificial Work Pad
Sacrificial Work Pad
A waste board placed under the work.
 
Scalloped
Scalloped
Cut-outs made in a series of regularly spaced circular scoops.
 
Self-guiding Cutter
Self-guiding Cutter
A cutter with a guide bearing or pin which rides against the edge of a workpiece or pattern to limit its horizontal depth of cut. A bearing guide can be mounted on the end of a cutter or on the shank.
 
Shank
Shank
The rounded shank of a cutter clamped into the router and held there by the collet.
 
Shoulder Cut
Shoulder Cut
The cross-grain cut made on a joint like a tenon or lap joint.
 
 
Ski Supports
Ski Supports
Supports that are attached to the router base used to control the router over small or uneven surfaced work-pieces.
 
Slotter
Slotter
A cutter designed to produce slots in timber. Often used with a bearing guide.
 
Snatching
Snatching
When the revolving cutter picks up the work and tries to throw it off sideways, caused by touching the work whilst the cutter is revolving too slowly.
 
Softwood
Softwood
A term used to describe the physical hardness of various woods with low-to-medium impact resistance. Also woods from coniferous or needle-leaved trees.
 
Sole Plate
Sole Plate
Removeable wearing surface covering the base of the router. Also a timber sleeper in which a timber construction is built onto.
 
Spelch Block
Spelch Block
A waste batten clamped onto a workholder that is cut into to prevent break-out at the end of a cut. Also known as a sacrificial support strip or sacrificial piece.
 
 
Spelching
Spelching
Damage at the end of a cut where the unsupported grain breaks away.
 
Spike
Spike
A large nail, usually more than 4 (102mm) long.
 
Spindle
Spindle
Main shaft of the router or spindle moulder with the collet on the end.
 
Spindle Lock
Spindle Lock
A device on the router shaft or collet that prevents rotation while installing or changing cutters. It enables one spanner only to engage this collet nut, when changing the tool.
 
Spiral Cutter
Spiral Cutter
A special type of router cutter with helical or spiral cutting edges and grooves (flutes). Available with left hand fluting or right hand fluting to help raise chips out of the work.
 
Staff Bead
Staff Bead
A return bead with a quirk at each side. Refers also to the beaded strip which holds a sash window in place.
 
 
Stiles
Stiles
The outer vertical members of a door or window.
 
Stopped Housing
Stopped Housing
A housing that does not run across the full width of a panel or workpiece.
 
Straight-edge Guide
Straight-edge Guide
An accessory for guiding routers, circular saws and jigsaws in a continuous straight line.
 
String
String
One of the inclined members of a stair case into which the treads and risers are fitted.
 
Stringings
Stringings
Fine decorative inlays in the form of fine lines.
 
Stub-tenon
Stub-tenon
A small tenon which does not go completely through the timber.
 
 
Sub-base
Sub-base
A secondary additional base fitted under the base of the router. This may be introduced to increase bearing surface, or provide a means of guiding the router in various ways.
 
 
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